Periodontal therapy is a specialized type of cleaning procedure that involves the treatment and maintenance of moderate to severe periodontal disease (often called gum disease).
Periodontal disease is a condition caused by chronic inflammation due to the presence of calculus or tartar, as well as bacteria, on the roots of a person’s teeth. Calculus or tartar is mineralized dental plaque. It is very hard, and cannot be removed at home by brushing or flossing. When present, it causes an inflammatory response that damages the connection between the gum tissue and the root of the tooth. As it progresses, periodontal disease causes deep pockets to form between the teeth and the gums, eventually leading to bone loss and loosening of the teeth.
Periodontal therapy removes this calculus and the associated bacteria, as seeks to reduce inflammation and encourage reattachment of the gum tissue to the roots of the teeth. Depending on the stage at which periodontal disease is detected, more or less reattachment is possible.
Many patients have some level of periodontal disease without knowing it. This is because as the disease progresses slowly, there is usually little pain associated with it. If you notice that your gums bleed easily, especially when you brush or floss, you should be evaluated for periodontal disease. Our expert hygienists and dentists are very experienced in both detecting this condition and managing it in a comfortable manner.